D Rationale: This is a problem with strong cultures (and ultra-cohesive groups).
Pitfalls: The other statements are plausible: you need to come up with counter-arguments to
show that they are not always true. B is most plausible because it makes a limited claim that
values ‘can’ replace rules: think of health and safety or financial controls, however, to disprove
Ways in: You could rule out two of the statements because they are dogmatic (so that just one
counter-example would make them untrue).
Culture is the collective programming of the mind which distinguishes the members of one
........................................ from another.
Which word or phrase most accurately completes the definition.
B Rationale: There are many spheres of culture: nation, ethnic group and social class are only three
of them. ‘Culture’ applies to categories of people including genders, social classes and
Which of the following is not one of the terms used by Hofstede to describe a key dimension of culture?
B Rationale: The fourth dimension in Hofstede’s model is masculinity-femininity.