Detailed Answer
Answer (B) is correct. The expected sales mix is 40% for Product X and 60% for Product Y. Given that Product X has a 40% contribution margin ratio and Product Y has a 30% contribution margin ratio, selling more of Product X and less of Product Y increases the average contribution margin ratio. The effect is to lower the breakeven point. Thus, if the new composite unit includes 2 units of Product X and 2 units of Product Y, the composite unit selling price is $80 [(2 × $10) + (2 × $30)], and the composite UCM is $26 {[2 × ($10 – $6)] + [2 × ($30 – $21)]}. The new breakeven point in composite units is therefore 11,538.46 ($300,000 FC ÷ $26 UCM), and the new breakeven point in sales dollars is $923,077 (11,538.46 × $80). Given that sales reached the budgeted breakeven point of $942,857, Catfur must have made a profit of $19,780 ($942,857 – $923,077 ).