Capital Budgeting Paper 3

1

Book rate of return is an unsatisfactory guide to selecting capital projects because
I. It uses accrual accounting numbers.
II. It compares a single project against the average of capital projects.
III. It uses cash flows to gauge the desirability of the project.






2

The maximum benefit forgone by using a scarce resource for a given purpose and not for the next-best alternative is called






3

Book rate of return is an unsatisfactory guide to selecting capital projects because
I. It uses accrual accounting numbers.
II. It compares a single project against the average of capital projects.
III. It uses cash flows to gauge the desirability of the project.






4

Post-investment audits






5

Calamity Cauliflower Corporation is considering undertaking a capital project. The company would have to commit $24,000 of working capital in addition to an immediate outlay of $160,000 for new equipment. The project is expected to generate $100,000 of annual income for 10 years. At the end of that time, the new equipment, which will be depreciated on a straight-line basis, is expected to have a salvage value of $10,000. The existing equipment that would be sold to make room for the project has a historical cost of $220,000 and accumulated depreciation of $208,000. It has an estimated remaining useful life of 2 years and the remaining carrying amount is being depreciated on a straight-line basis. A scrap dealer has agreed to buy it for $8,000. The company’s effective tax rate is 40%. Calamity Cauliflower’s relevant after-tax annual cash inflow from the ongoing operations of the project i.






6

Calamity Cauliflower Corporation is considering undertaking a capital project. The company would have to commit $24,000 of working capital in addition to an immediate outlay of $160,000 for new equipment. The project is expected to generate $100,000 of annual income for 10 years. At the end of that time, the new equipment, which will be depreciated on a straight-line basis, is expected to have a salvage value of $10,000. The existing equipment that would be sold to make room for the project has a historical cost of $220,000 and accumulated depreciation of $208,000. It has an estimated remaining useful life of 2 years and the remaining carrying amount is being depreciated on a straight-line basis. A scrap dealer has agreed to buy it for $8,000. The company’s effective tax rate is 40%. Calamity Cauliflower’s expected additional depreciation tax shield for the first year of the project i.






7

Calamity Cauliflower Corporation is considering undertaking a capital project. The company would have to commit $24,000 of working capital in addition to an immediate outlay of $160,000 for new equipment. The project is expected to generate $100,000 of annual income for 10 years. At the end of that time, the new equipment, which will be depreciated on a straight-line basis, is expected to have a salvage value of $10,000. The existing equipment that would be sold to make room for the project has a historical cost of $220,000 and accumulated depreciation of $208,000. It has an estimated remaining useful life of 2 years and the remaining carrying amount is being depreciated on a straight-line basis. A scrap dealer has agreed to buy it for $8,000. The company’s effective tax rate is 40%. Calamity Cauliflower’s expected depreciation tax shield for the final year of the project is






8

Calamity Cauliflower Corporation is considering undertaking a capital project. The company would have to commit $24,000 of working capital in addition to an immediate outlay of $160,000 for new equipment. The project is expected to generate $100,000 of annual income for 10 years. At the end of that time, the new equipment, which will be depreciated on a straight-line basis, is expected to have a salvage value of $10,000. The existing equipment that would be sold to make room for the project has a historical cost of $220,000 and accumulated depreciation of $208,000. It has an estimated remaining useful life of 2 years and the remaining carrying amount is being depreciated on a straight-line basis. A scrap dealer has agreed to buy it for $8,000. The company’s effective tax rate is 40%. If the project is accepted Calamity Cauliflower’s expected net cash inflow at the end of the first year is






9

Calamity Cauliflower Corporation is considering undertaking a capital project. The company would have to commit $24,000 of working capital in addition to an immediate outlay of $160,000 for new equipment. The project is expected to generate $100,000 of annual income for 10 years. At the end of that time, the new equipment, which will be depreciated on a straight-line basis, is expected to have a salvage value of $10,000. The existing equipment that would be sold to make room for the project has a historical cost of $220,000 and accumulated depreciation of $208,000. It has an estimated remaining useful life of 2 years and the remaining carrying amount is being depreciated on a straight-line basis. A scrap dealer has agreed to buy it for $8,000. The company’s effective tax rate is 40%. Calamity Cauliflower’s expected total cash inflow in the final year of the project is






10

A firm is considering a new capital project. A salvage company is offering the firm $800,000 for its old equipment. If the firm accepts the salvage company’s offer the net initial investment in the project will be






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