Detailed Answer
Answer (D) is correct.
The standard inputs per unit of output can be determined by dividing the budgeted total input hours (10,000) by the budgeted total output level (5,000), giving 2 hours of direct labor for every finished unit. Since the actual output level was 6,000, the “expected” quantity, or number of hours allowed given the achieved level of production, was 12,000 (6,000 × 2). These amounts can be substituted in the formula for the efficiency variance: (EQ – AQ) × SP = Labor efficiency variance (12,000 – AQ) × $15 = $1,500 U 12,000 – AQ = 100 AQ = 12,100