Correct answer: (C)
Basing employment decisions on valid tests
Title VII makes it unlawful for an employer to refuse to hire any individual because of the individual’s race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. Title VII also makes it illegal to discriminate against any individual with respect to compensation, terms, conditions, or privileges of employment based upon those same characteristics. Furthermore, Title VII prohibits employers from limiting, segregating, or classifying employees in any way that would deprive any individual of employment opportunities or adversely affect his or her status as an employee because of their race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. Because HR professionals want to hire, develop, and retain excellent employees, it is critical that everyone in the firm judge people’s potential and performance on valid tests, and not on physical appearance.